The DISC1 Ser704Cys substitution affects centrosomal localization of its binding partner PCM1 in glia in human brain.
Eastwood SL., Walker M., Hyde TM., Kleinman JE., Harrison PJ.
Disrupted-in-schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) has been genetically associated with schizophrenia, and with brain phenotypes including grey matter volume and working memory performance. However, the molecular and cellular basis for these associations remains to be elucidated. One potential mechanism may be via an altered interaction of DISC1 with its binding partners. In this context, we previously demonstrated that one DISC1 variant, Leu607Phe, influenced the extent of centrosomal localization of pericentriolar material 1 (PCM1) in SH-SY5Y cells. The current study extends this work to human brain, and includes another DISC1 coding variant, Ser704Cys. Using immunohistochemistry, we first characterized the distribution of PCM1 in human superior temporal gyrus (STG). PCM1 immunoreactivity was localized to the centrosome in glia, but not in neurons, which showed widespread immunoreactivity. We quantified centrosomal PCM1 immunoreactivity in STG glia of 81 controls and 67 subjects with schizophrenia, genotyped for the two polymorphisms. Centrosomal PCM1 immunoreactive area was smaller in Cys704 carriers than in Ser704 homozygotes, with a similar trend in Phe607 homozygotes compared with Leu607 carriers, replicating the finding in SH-SY5Y cells. No differences were seen between controls and subjects with schizophrenia. These findings confirm in vivo that DISC1 coding variants modulate centrosomal PCM1 localization, highlight a role for DISC1 in glial function and provide a possible cellular mechanism contributing to the association of these DISC1 variants with psychiatric phenotypes. Whether this influence of DISC1 genotype extends to other centrosomal proteins and DISC1 binding partners remains to be determined.