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AbstractBrain connectome analysis suffers from the high dimensionality of connectivity data, often forcing a reduced representation of the brain at a lower spatial resolution or parcellation. This is particularly true for graph-based representations, which are increasingly used to characterize connectivity gradients, capturing patterns of systematic spatial variation in the functional connectivity structure. However, maintaining a high spatial resolution is crucial for enabling fine-grained topographical analysis and preserving subtle individual differences that might otherwise be lost. Here we introduce a computationally efficient approach to establish spatially fine-grained connectivity gradients. At its core, it leverages a set of landmarks to approximate the underlying connectivity structure at the full spatial resolution without requiring a full-scale vertex-by-vertex connectivity matrix. We show that this approach reduces computational time and memory usage while preserving informative individual features and demonstrate its application in improving brain-behavior predictions. Overall, its efficiency can remove computational barriers and enable the widespread application of connectivity gradients to capture spatial signatures of the connectome. Importantly, maintaining a spatially fine-grained resolution facilitates to characterize the spatial transitions inherent in the core concept of gradients of brain organization.

Original publication




Journal article


Communications Biology


Springer Science and Business Media LLC

Publication Date