Neuroscience of Asthma
Asthma affects 1 in 11 people in the UK. Recent major advances have shown that there are different types of asthma that can be treated in different ways.
Asthma and the brain
New medicines are already having a massive impact on types of asthma which are characterised by inflammation of the airways. However, for many people symptoms do not match the level of inflammation. According to Asthma UK, in up to 69% of people with asthma, stress and worry can make their asthma worse. This may happen without people realising it.
We are investigating how the brain is involved in asthma. The brain controls our breathing (for example, the diameter of the airways). The brain is also involved in the way each of us perceives breathing. We believe that the hub of interaction between these sensory and cognitive mechanisms is a tiny part of the brain known as the periaqueductal gray. You can read more about this on the Oxford Science Blog.
By better understanding how the brain is involved in asthma we will eventually be able to design new treatments for asthma. These could particularly help people whose asthma is not completely controlled by currently available medicines.
The research is based in the Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences and led by Kyle Pattinson, with Olivia Faull and Sarah Finnegan.
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