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We evaluated 3D pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (pCASL) using turbo spin echo with a pseudo-steady-state (PSS) readout in comparison with the other major readout methods of 3D spiral and 2D echo-planar imaging (EPI). 3D-PSS produced cerebral blood flow (CBF) values well correlated to those of the 3D spiral readout. By visual evaluation, the image quality of 3D-PSS pCASL was superior to that of 2D-EPI. The 3D-PSS technique was suggested useful as pCASL readout.

Original publication




Journal article


Magn Reson Med Sci

Publication Date





170 - 177


arterial spin labeling, cerebral blood flow, pseudo-steady state, Adult, Arteries, Brain, Cerebrovascular Circulation, Echo-Planar Imaging, Female, Humans, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Imaging, Three-Dimensional, Male, Neuroimaging, Signal-To-Noise Ratio, Spin Labels