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BACKGROUND: Care for people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has altered at King's College Hospital over the last 20 years. The clinic has been a multidisciplinary, specialist, tertiary referral centre since 1995 with a large team with integrated palliative and respiratory care since 2006. We hypothesised that these changes would improve survival. METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, patients diagnosed with El Escorial definite, probable and possible ALS between 1995-1998 and 2008-2011 were followed up. The primary outcome measure was a chi-square test for the proportion of each cohort surviving. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox multivariate regression were secondary analyses. RESULTS: There was low reporting of some interventions. Five hundred and forty-seven people were included. Survival between the cohorts was significantly different (p = 0.022) with a higher proportion surviving during 2008-2011. Survival time was 21.6 (95% CI 19.2-24.0) months in the 2008-2011 cohort compared to 19.2 years (15.6-21.6) in the 1995-1998 cohort (log rank p = 0.018). Four hundred and ninety-three cases were included in the Cox regression. Diagnostic cohort was a significant predictor variable (HR 0.79 (0.64-0.97) p = 0.023). CONCLUSIONS: These results support the hypothesis that integrated specialist clinics with multidisciplinary input improve survival in ALS.

Original publication




Journal article


Amyotroph Lateral Scler Frontotemporal Degener

Publication Date





569 - 575


Motor neuron disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, care quality, multidisciplinary care, multidisciplinary team, survival, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Cohort Studies, Delivery of Health Care, Integrated, Female, Humans, London, Male, Middle Aged, Patient Care Team, Prevalence, Proportional Hazards Models, Registries, Risk Factors, Survival Analysis