Learning a novel rhythmic stepping task in children with probable developmental coordination disorder.
Inacio M., Esser P., Weedon BD., Joshi S., Meaney A., Delextrat A., Springett D., Kemp S., Ward T., Izadi H., Johansen-Berg H., Dawes H.
BACKGROUND: Developmental coordination disorder affects approximately 6% of children, interfering with participation in physical activity and can persist through adulthood. However, no studies have investigated the neuromotor mechanisms of learning of a novel task with rhythmic cueing. METHODS: Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2nd edition was used to identify 48 children with probable developmental coordination disorder (13.9 ± 0.05 yrs., 27% male) and 37 typically developed (13.9 ± 0.10 yrs., 54% male). While instrumented with an inertial measurement unit, both groups performed a novel rhythmic stepping task and with a concurrent auditory stroop test (dual-task), underwent seven weeks of intervention with step training with rhythmic cuing and were tested for retention five weeks post-intervention. FINDINGS: Initially, the group with probable developmental coordination disorder had a higher variability of step timing (coefficient of variation: 0.08 ± 0.003-typically developed - 0.09 ± 0.004-probable developmental coordination disorder, p