Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Cooperative interactions between the amygdala and hippocampus are widely regarded as critical for overnight emotional processing of waking experiences, but direct support from the human brain for such a dialog is absent. Using overnight intracranial recordings in 4 presurgical epilepsy patients (3 female), we discovered ripples within human amygdala during nonrapid eye movement (NREM) sleep, a brain state known to contribute to affective processing. Like hippocampal ripples, amygdala ripples are associated with sharp waves, linked to sleep spindles, and tend to co-occur with their hippocampal counterparts. Moreover, sharp waves and ripples are temporally linked across the 2 brain structures, with amygdala ripples occurring during hippocampal sharp waves and vice versa. Combined with further evidence of interregional sharp-wave and spindle synchronization, these findings offer a potential physiological substrate for the NREM-sleep-dependent consolidation and regulation of emotional experiences.

Original publication




Journal article


Cereb Cortex Commun

Publication Date





NREM sleep, amygdala, hippocampus, ripples, sharp waves