Volume-localized measurement of oxygen extraction fraction in the brain using MRI.
O'Brien C., Okell TW., Chiew M., Jezzard P.
PURPOSE: T2 -relaxation-under-spin-tagging (TRUST) is an MR technique for the non-invasive assessment of whole-brain cerebral oxygen extraction fraction (OEF), through measurement of the venous blood T2 relaxation time in the sagittal sinus. A key limitation of TRUST, however, is the lack of spatial specificity of the measurement. We sought to develop a modified TRUST sequence, selective localized TRUST (SL-TRUST), having sensitivity to venous blood T2 within a targeted brain region, and therefore achieving spatially localized measurements of cerebral tissue OEF, while still retaining acquisition in the sagittal sinus. METHODS: A method for selective localization of TRUST sequence was developed, and the reproducibility of the technique was evaluated in healthy participants. Regional measurements were achieved for a single hemisphere and for a 3D-localized 70 × 70 × 80 mm3 tissue region using SL-TRUST and compared to a global TRUST measure. An additional measure of venous blood T1 in the sagittal sinus was used to estimate subject-specific hematocrit. Six subjects were scanned over 4 sessions, including intra-session repeat measurements. RESULTS: The average T2 in the sagittal sinus was found to be 60.8 ± 8.9, 62.7 ± 7.9, 64.6 ± 8.4, and 66.3 ± 10.3 ms (mean ± SD) for conventional TRUST, global SL-TRUST, hemispheric SL-TRUST, and 3D-localized SL-TRUST, respectively. Intra-, inter-session, and inter-subject coefficients of variation for OEF using SL-TRUST were found to be comparable and in some cases superior to those obtained using TRUST. CONCLUSION: OEF comparison of 2 contralateral regions was achievable in under 5 min suggesting SL-TRUST offers potential for quantifying regional OEF differences in both healthy and clinical populations.