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A variety of environmental regularities enable us to anticipate the timing of upcoming sensations and actions. A recent article (Breska and Ivry, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 2018;115:12283-12288) reports a striking neural double dissociation between two distinct varieties of temporal anticipation. Looking forward, we consider further dissociations according to the goals for which temporal anticipation is used.

Original publication




Journal article


Trends Neurosci

Publication Date



Parkinson’s disease, action, association, attention, basal ganglia, cerebellar degeneration, cerebellum, cognition, double dissociation, interval judgement, orienting, perception, performance, regularity, rhythm, temporal processing