Optimisation of dark adaptation time required for mesopic microperimetry.
Han RC., Gray JM., Han J., Maclaren RE., Jolly JK.
BACKGROUND: Macular Integrity Assessment (MAIA) microperimetry is increasingly used in clinical and research settings to assess point retinal sensitivity and fixation stability. Testing occurs under mesopic conditions, commonly after a period of dark adaptation. Our aim was to identify the minimum length of adaptation required to optimise microperimetry performance. METHODS: MAIA microperimetry using the 10-2 grid was performed on 40 right eyes of 40 healthy participants aged 18-73 with no ocular pathology and vision of at least 0.1 logMAR after ambient light exposure, with 0, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 30 min of adaptation in mesopic settings. Ten right eyes of 10 participants with choroideremia were also tested following 0 and 20 min of adaptation. We further tested 10 right eyes of 10 healthy participants after bright light exposure, with 0, 10 and 20 min of adaptation. We compared changes in threshold sensitivity and fixation stability across time points. RESULTS: Microperimetry performance did not improve with increasing adaptation time in healthy participants or patients with choroideremia after ambient light exposure. After bright light exposure, we found microperimetry thresholds improved after 10 min of adaptation, but did not improve further at 20 min. CONCLUSION: Mesopic adaptation is not required before MAIA microperimetry after exposure to ambient light. Ten minutes of adaptation is sufficient after exposure to a bright light stimulus, such as ophthalmoscopy or retinal imaging. The brief time of dark adaptation required corresponds to cone adaptation curves and provides further evidence for cone-mediated central retinal function under mesopic conditions.