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PURPOSE: To determine the functional and structural effects of trabeculectomy surgery on patients with advanced glaucoma and central visual field defects in the early post-operative period. METHODS: Thirty consecutive adult subjects with advanced glaucoma requiring trabeculectomy surgery and an established visual field defect within 10° of fixation underwent microperimetry (MAIA MP-1, CenterVue, Padova, Italy) and optic disc optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging (Spectralis, Heidelberg Engineering, Germany) pre-operatively, and 1 month and 3 months following trabeculectomy surgery. Main outcome measures were post-trabeculectomy change in mean threshold on microperimetry and nerve fibre layer thickness on OCT. Fellow eyes were used as controls. RESULTS: The mean change in MP average threshold values from pre-operative to post-operative was 0.6 ± 1.9 dB for treated eyes and 0.1 ± 1.3 dB for control eyes (p = 0.14) at 1 month and 0.2 ± 2.3 and -0.3 ± 1.6 dB at 3 months (p = 0.22). Mean change in global nerve fibre layer thickness was -0.6 and -0.5 µm for operated and control eyes, respectively (p = 0.83), at 1 month and 0.8 and -0.4 µm at 3 months (p = 0.88). The kappa agreement for structure-function correlation between OCT and MP was 0.735 (confidence interval 0.59-0.88) (p < 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Central visual function and retinal nerve fibre layer thickness appear to be preserved in glaucoma patients with central visual field defects undergoing trabeculectomy surgery in the early post-operative period. These data may inform glaucoma surgeons considering trabeculectomy surgery in this patient group.

Original publication




Journal article


Eye (Lond)

Publication Date





1365 - 1371


Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Female, Glaucoma, Humans, Intraocular Pressure, Male, Middle Aged, Nerve Fibers, Prospective Studies, Retinal Ganglion Cells, Tomography, Optical Coherence, Trabeculectomy, Treatment Outcome, Visual Field Tests, Visual Fields, Young Adult