Effect of acute hyperglycemia on moderately hypothermic GL261 mouse glioma monitored by T1-weighted DCE MRI.
Simões RV., Ortuño JE., Bokacheva L., Candiota AP., Ledesma-Carbayo MJ., Delgado-Goñi T., García-Martín ML., Santos A., Arús C.
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the effects of acute hyperglycemia induced by intraperitoneal injection of glucose (2.7 g/kg) on vascular delivery to GL261 mouse gliomas kept at moderate hypothermia (~30 °C). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven GL261 glioma-bearing mice were studied by T1-weighted DCE MRI before and after an injection of glucose (n = 4) or saline (n = 3). Maximum relative contrast enhancement (RCE) and initial area under the enhancement curve (IAUC) were determined in each pixel. RESULTS: The mean tumor parameter values showed no significant changes after injecting either saline (RCE -5.9 ± 5.0 %; IAUC -3.7 ± 3.6 %) or glucose (RCE -1.6 ± 9.0 %; IAUC +0.6 ± 6.4 %). Pixel-by-pixel analysis revealed small post-injection changes in RCE and IAUC between the glucose and saline groups, all within 13 % range of their baseline values. CONCLUSION: Perturbing the metabolism of GL261 tumors kept at moderate hypothermia with hyperglycemia did not induce significant changes in the permeability/perfusion of these tumors. This is relevant for future studies with this model since regional differences in glucose accumulation could thus reflect basal heterogeneities in vasculature and/or metabolism of GL261 tumors.