Effects of propofol and thiopentone, and benzodiazepine premedication on heart rate variability measured by spectral analysis.
Howell SJ., Wanigasekera V., Young JD., Gavaghan D., Sear JW., Garrard CS.
We studied the effects of temazepam premedication and induction of anaesthesia with thiopentone or propofol on the heart rate power spectrum in 47 patients undergoing elective minor surgery. Eighteen patients received temazepam 20 mg orally as premedication. There was a significant reduction in high frequency power and total power, and an increase in the ratio of low to high frequency power after induction of anaesthesia with either propofol or thiopentone. Patients who had received temazepam premedication had significantly greater low frequency, high frequency and total power than those who were not premedicated. There was no significant difference between premedicated and unpremedicated patients in the ratio of low to ventilatory frequency power.