The evolution of the arcuate fasciculus revealed with comparative DTI.
Rilling JK., Glasser MF., Preuss TM., Ma X., Zhao T., Hu X., Behrens TEJ.
The arcuate fasciculus is a white-matter fiber tract that is involved in human language. Here we compared cortical connectivity in humans, chimpanzees and macaques (Macaca mulatta) and found a prominent temporal lobe projection of the human arcuate fasciculus that is much smaller or absent in nonhuman primates. This human specialization may be relevant to the evolution of language.