Longitudinal Study to Assess the Quantitative Use of Fundus Autofluorescence for Monitoring Disease Progression in Choroideremia
Dubis AM., Lim WS., Jolly JK., Toms M., MacLaren RE., Webster AR., Moosajee M.
<jats:p>Background: Characterisation of preserved autofluorescence (PAF) area in choroideremia (CHM) and its validity for monitoring disease progression in clinical trials is of importance. Methods: Eighty patients with molecularly confirmed CHM were recruited. PAF area was measured manually by 2 graders and half-life was calculated based on exponential decay model. Results: Mean age at baseline and follow-up examination was 38.1 (range, 10–69) and 40.7 (range, 11–70) years. Mean follow-up interval was 29 months (range, 6–104). The median LogMAR visual acuity was 0.10 (OD) and 0.18 (OS). Interobserver repeatability for PAF area was −0.99 to 1.03 mm2 (−6.46 to 6.49% of area). There was a statistically significant relationship between age and rate of PAF area loss (r2 = 0.28, p = 0.012). The half-life for PAF area was 13.7 years (range, 1.7–216.0 years). The correlation between half-life and age was stronger than between half-life and log transformed baseline PAF area, although neither was statistically significant. Conclusions: The intra- and inter-observer PAF area measurement variability provides a baseline change, which must be overcome in a clinical trial if this metric were to be used. Treatments must slow progression to alter the exponential decay in a timely manner accounting for naturally slow progression patterns.</jats:p>